Aortic repair refers to the treatment of a thoracic aneurysm, abdominal aneurysm (AAA) or aortic dissection. All of these may be treated using endovascular( minimally invasive) or open surgical techniques. Roughly 30 % of patients needing AAA repair will require open surgery. Most often times this is due to patient anatomy and condition. A vascular surgeon will determine which treatment is most appropriate for each patient. ( refer to min invasive for more info)
Endarterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes plaque from the artery wall that is causing a decrease or blockage of blood flow. Most commonly this is performed in the carotid artery in the neck, and the femoral artery in the leg.
A bypass is a surgical procedure that redirects blood flow around an area of blockage by creating an alternative channel for blood flow thereby ’ bypassing’ an obstructed or damaged vessel. This is performed using a healthy section of the patient’s own vein or a synthetic graft material. A bypass can be performed on the arteries of the abdomen, neck, arms, and legs.
Dialysis Access Creation and Management
A fistula is a dialysis access created by using a patient’s own natural blood vessels connecting an artery to a vein. A graft is a dialysis access created by using a tube made out of synthetic material placed under the skin to connect an artery and vein. ( see vascularphysicians.com/services for more info)
This refers to repairing an injured blood vessel which can be related to trauma. Examples include repair of dissections ( aorta and leg arteries) and rupture of aneurysms. These types of repair can be managed using minimally invasive and open surgical techniques.